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Is there an influence of body mass on digesta mean retention time in herbivores? A comparative study on ungulates.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21777685     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The relation between body mass (BM) and digesta mean retention time (MRT) in herbivores was the focus of several studies in recent years. It was assumed that MRT scaled with BM(0.25) based on the isometric scaling of gut capacity (BM(1.0)) and allometric scaling of energy intake (BM(0.75)). Literature studies that tested this hypothesis produced conflicting results, arriving sometimes at higher or lower exponents than the postulated 0.25. This study was conducted with 8 ruminants (n=2-6 per species) and 6 hindgut fermenting species/breeds (n=2-6, warthog n=1) with a BM range of 60-4000kg. All animals received a ration of 100% grass hay with ad libitum access. Dry matter intake was measured and the MRT was estimated by the use of a solute and a particle (1-2mm) marker. No significant scaling of MRT(particle) with BM was observed for all herbivores (32 BM(0.04), p=0.518) and hindgut fermenters (32 BM(0.00), p=1.00). The scaling exponent for ruminants only showed a tendency towards significance (29 BM(0.12), p=0.071). Ruminants on average had an MRT(particle) 1.61-fold longer than hindgut fermenters. Whereas an exponent of 0.25 is reasonable from theoretical considerations, much lower exponents were found in this and other studies. The energetic benefit of increasing MRT is by no means continuous, since the energy released from a given food unit via digestion decreases over time. The low and non-significant scaling factors for both digestion types suggest that in ungulates, MRT is less influenced by BM (maximal allometric exponent≤0.1) than often reported.
Authors:
Patrick Steuer; Karl-Heinz Südekum; Dennis W H Müller; Ragna Franz; Jacques Kaandorp; Marcus Clauss; Jürgen Hummel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A, Molecular & integrative physiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1531-4332     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9806096     Medline TA:  Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Affiliation:
Institute of Animal Science, University of Bonn, Germany.
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