Document Detail

Is there a correlation between vaginal chlamydia infection and cervical smear abnormalities? A community-based study in the Al-Ain district, United Arab Emirates.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16445527     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between vaginal chlamydia infection and cervical abnormalities. The data on the prevalence of chlamydia infection and cervical abnormalities have been presented elsewhere and in this article we provide the results of a correlation analysis. METHODS: In this cross-sectional, community-based survey, women attending primary and secondary care in the Al-Ain medical district, United Arab Emirates, were offered cervical screening using the Papanicolaou smear, and chlamydia testing. A total of 793 women underwent cervical screening and 728 were tested for chlamydia. A commercially available kit was used to determine the prevalence of chlamydia. The correlation between cervical abnormalities and chlamydia infection was tested using the chi-squared test or Fisher's exact test, as appropriate. RESULTS: The prevalence of abnormal smears was 1.51% (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.66-2.4). Twelve subjects had abnormal smears, including smears showing atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance. The prevalence of chlamydia infection in this population was 2.5% (95% CI, 1.2-3.3). Statistical analysis showed no association (chi2 0.6, P = 0.4) between the prevalence of chlamydia infection and cervical abnormalities. CONCLUSION: Although there have been earlier reports of an association between vaginal chlamydia and cervical abnormalities, our study does not provide evidence to support this association.
Saad Ghazal-Aswad; Padmanabhan Badrinath; Nawal Ahmed Osman; Samar Abdul-Khalik; Tove Raasclou
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1341-8076     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res.     Publication Date:  2006 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-01-31     Completed Date:  2006-05-08     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9612761     Medline TA:  J Obstet Gynaecol Res     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  63-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates.
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MeSH Terms
Chlamydia Infections / epidemiology*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Middle Aged
Statistics as Topic
United Arab Emirates / epidemiology
Uterine Cervical Dysplasia / epidemiology*
Vaginal Diseases / epidemiology*

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