Document Detail

Is there competition between breast-feeding and maternal employment?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10332608     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Theory suggests that the decision to return to employment after childbirth and the decision to breast-feed may be jointly determined. We estimate models of simultaneous equations for two different aspects of the relationship between maternal employment and breast-feeding using 1993-1994 data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Infant Feeding Practices Study. We first explore the simultaneous duration of breast-feeding and work leave following childbirth. We find that the duration of leave from work significantly affects the duration of breast-feeding, but the effect of breast-feeding on work leave is insignificant. We also estimate models of the daily hours of work and breast-feedings at infant ages 3 months and 6 months postpartum. At both times, the intensity of work effort significantly affects the intensity of breast-feeding, but the reverse is generally not found. Competition clearly exists between work and breast-feeding for many women in our sample.
B Roe; L A Whittington; S B Fein; M F Teisl
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Demography     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0070-3370     ISO Abbreviation:  Demography     Publication Date:  1999 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-07-20     Completed Date:  1999-07-20     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0226703     Medline TA:  Demography     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  157-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and Drug Administration, Washington, DC 20204, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Breast Feeding*
Decision Making
Likelihood Functions
Models, Theoretical
Mothers / statistics & numerical data*
Parental Leave / statistics & numerical data*
Regression Analysis
Time Factors
United States
Women, Working / statistics & numerical data*

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