Document Detail


Is there any association between disturbed gastrointestinal visceromotor and sensory function and impaired quality of life in functional dyspepsia?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19814775     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND Functional dyspepsia (FD) is now categorized into the epigastric pain syndrome (EPS) and the postprandial distress syndrome (PDS). However, the role of disturbed gastric emptying and sensory function for the reduction of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has not yet been studied in EPS and PDS. METHODS A total of 300 refractory FD patients and 450 healthy blood donors (BD) were studied. BD were stratified in subjects with (BD+) and without (BD-) concomitant FD symptoms. Gastric motor and sensory function, generic and disease-specific HRQOL [physical (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS)] and affective disorders were assessed. Twenty randomly selected BD-, 50 BD+ (36 PDS, 72%), and 110 FD (95 PDS, 86.4%) patients had additional function testing. KEY RESULTS Health-related quality of life was significantly reduced in FD patients (PCS = 40.7 +/- 8.8, MCS = 39.7 +/- 11.3, both P < 0.0001) compared to BD+ (PCS = 52.0 +/- 7.6, MCS = 49.0 +/- 9.4) and BD- (PCS = 56.0 +/- 4.3, MCS = 52.8 +/- 7.2). GET (t((1/2)), min) was significantly (both P < 0.0001) longer in FD patients (143.0 +/- 7.3) compared to BD+ (101.1 +/- 6.3) and BD- (73.8 +/- 7.6). FD patients scored significantly higher for 'pain' (P < 0.0001) and 'nausea' (P = 0.023), there was no difference for 'fullness' compared to BD. Impairment of GET was not associated with HRQOL. In FD patients, an augmented symptom response to the test meal (fullness, nausea) was associated with MCS, there was no difference between FD patients with EPS or PDS. CONCLUSIONS & INFERENCES In EPS and PDS, delayed gastric empting and altered sensory function are disease markers but not directly linked to the severity of HRQOL impairment or clinical presentation of FD.
Authors:
S Haag; W Senf; S Tagay; G Heuft; G Gerken; N J Talley; G Holtmann
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-10-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1365-2982     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurogastroenterol. Motil.     Publication Date:  2010 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-09     Completed Date:  2010-06-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9432572     Medline TA:  Neurogastroenterol Motil     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  262-e79     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Essen, Essen, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Dyspepsia / physiopathology*,  psychology
Female
Gastric Emptying / physiology*
Gastrointestinal Tract / physiopathology
Health Status
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Nausea / physiopathology,  psychology
Postprandial Period
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Quality of Life / psychology*
Questionnaires
Regression Analysis
Severity of Illness Index

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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