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A telephone-based case-management intervention reduces healthcare utilization for frequent emergency department visitors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22960802     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: A small group of frequent visitors to emergency departments accounts for a disproportional large number of total emergency department visits. Previous interventions in this population have shown mixed results. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a nurse-managed telephone-based case-management intervention can reduce healthcare utilization and improve self-assessed health status in frequent emergency department users. METHODS: We carried out a Zelen-design randomized-controlled trial among patients who were identified as frequent emergency department users (≥3 visits during the 6 months before inclusion) at the Karolinska University Hospital in Stockholm (Sweden). Patients included in the study (n=268) were randomized to either the intervention group or the control group and followed for 1 year. Patients who declined to participate or could not be reached were also followed for the study outcome. RESULTS: The telephone-based case-management intervention reduced the total number of outpatient visits (relative risk 0.80; 95% confidence interval 0.75-0.84), the number of emergency department visits (relative risk 0.77; 95% confidence interval 0.69-0.86), the number of days patients were admitted to hospitals as well as the total healthcare costs for hospital admissions. There was no difference in mortality or other identified adverse outcomes between the intervention and the control groups. Patient self-assessed health status improved for the patients who received the case-management intervention. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that the nurse-managed telephone-based case-management intervention represents a possible strategy to improve care for frequent emergency department users as well as decrease outpatient visits, admission days and healthcare costs.
Authors:
Peter Reinius; Magnus Johansson; Ann Fjellner; Joachim Werr; Gunnar Ohlén; Gustaf Edgren
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of emergency medicine : official journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1473-5695     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Emerg Med     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9442482     Medline TA:  Eur J Emerg Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
aDepartment of Emergency Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital bHealthcare Administration, Stockholm County Council cHealth Navigator AB dDepartment of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden eDepartment of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, USA.
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