Document Detail

The taxonomy, phylogeny and transmission of Echinococcus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18539274     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The application of molecular tools to the characterisation of the aetiological agents of echinococcosis has revealed a series of largely host-adapted species and genotypes that are maintained in distinct cycles of transmission. They can be defined on both genetic and phenotypic characteristics which complement previous observations made by descriptive parasitologists many years ago. A revised taxonomy for species in the genus Echinococcus has been proposed and widely accepted, particularly with respect to forms maintained in transmission cycles involving sheep, horses and cattle. However, molecular epidemiological studies are required in a number of endemic areas in order to determine cycles of transmission responsible for maintaining the parasite. The taxonomic status of forms in cervids, pigs and camels has still to be resolved, and the status and epidemiological significance of newly described species in China requires further research.
R C A Thompson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2008-05-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental parasitology     Volume:  119     ISSN:  1090-2449     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp. Parasitol.     Publication Date:  2008 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-07-14     Completed Date:  2008-07-21     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370713     Medline TA:  Exp Parasitol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  439-46     Citation Subset:  IM    
WHO Collaborating Centre for the Molecular Epidemiology of Parasitic Infections, School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University, Wouth Street, Murdoch WA 6150, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Animals, Domestic
Animals, Wild
Echinococcosis / epidemiology,  parasitology*,  transmission*
Echinococcus / classification*,  genetics,  physiology
Molecular Epidemiology

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