Document Detail


A taxometric study of the latent structure of disgust sensitivity: converging evidence for dimensionality.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18085936     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Disgust sensitivity has recently been implicated as a specific vulnerability factor for several anxiety-related disorders. However, it is not clear whether disgust sensitivity is a dimensional or categorical phenomenon. The present study examined the latent structure of disgust by applying three taxometric procedures (maximum eigenvalue, mean above minus below a cut, and latent-mode factor analysis) to data collected from 2 large nonclinical samples on 2 different measures of disgust sensitivity. Disgust sensitivity in the first sample (n=1,153) was operationalized by disgust reactions to food, animals, body products, sex, body envelope violations, death, hygiene, and sympathetic magic, as assessed by the Disgust Sensitivity Scale (J. Haidt, C. McCauley, & P. Rozin, 1994). Disgust Sensitivity Scale indicators of core, animal reminder, and contamination disgust were also examined in the 1st sample. Disgust sensitivity in the 2nd independent sample (n=1,318) was operationalized by disgust reactions to animals, injections and blood draws, mutilation and death, rotting foods, and odors, as assessed by the Disgust Emotion Scale (R. A. Kleinknecht, E. E. Kleinknecht, & R. M. Thorndike, 1997). Results across both samples provide converging evidence that disgust sensitivity is best conceptualized as a dimensional construct, present to a greater or lesser extent in all individuals. These findings are discussed in relation to the conceptualization and assessment of disgust sensitivity as a specific dimensional vulnerability for certain anxiety and related disorders.
Authors:
Bunmi O Olatunji; Joshua J Broman-Fulks
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychological assessment     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1040-3590     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Assess     Publication Date:  2007 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-12-18     Completed Date:  2008-03-12     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8915253     Medline TA:  Psychol Assess     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  437-48     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA. olubunmi.o.olatunji@vanderbilt.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Anxiety Disorders / classification,  psychology
Attitude
Cues
Emotions / classification*
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Fear / classification,  psychology
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Phobic Disorders / classification*,  psychology
Psychological Tests / statistics & numerical data*
Questionnaires
Reproducibility of Results
Students / psychology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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