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A systematic review of yoga for heart disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24491402     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: This systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) aimed to evaluate the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendation for yoga as an ancillary intervention for heart disease.
METHODS: Medline/PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, and IndMED were searched up to October 2013. Main outcome measures were mortality, nonfatal cardiac events, exercise capacity, health-related quality of life, and modifiable cardiac risk factors. Risk of bias, quality of evidence, and the strength of the recommendation for or against yoga were assessed according to the Cochrane Collaboration and GRADE recommendations.
RESULTS: Seven RCTs with 624 patients comparing yoga to usual care were included. For coronary heart disease (four RCTs), there was very low evidence for no effect on mortality, for a reduced number of angina episodes, and for increased exercise capacity, and low evidence for reduced modifiable cardiac risk factors. For heart failure (two RCTs), there was very low evidence for no effect on mortality, and low evidence for increased exercise capacity, and for no effect on health-related quality of life. For cardiac dysrhythmias treated with implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (one RCT), there was very low evidence for no effect on mortality, and for improved quality, and low evidence for effects on nonfatal device-treated ventricular events. Three RCTs reported safety data and reported that no adverse events occurred.
CONCLUSIONS: Based on the results of this review, weak recommendations can be made for the ancillary use of yoga for patients with coronary heart disease, heart failure, and cardiac dysrhythmia at this point.
Holger Cramer; Romy Lauche; Heidemarie Haller; Gustav Dobos; Andreas Michalsen
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-2-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of preventive cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  2047-4881     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Prev Cardiol     Publication Date:  2014 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-2-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101564430     Medline TA:  Eur J Prev Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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