Document Detail

A systematic review of validated methods for identifying suicide or suicidal ideation using administrative or claims data.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22262604     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
PURPOSE: As part of the Mini-Sentinel pilot program, under contract with the Food and Drug Administration, an effort has been made to evaluate the validity of algorithms useful for identifying health outcomes of interest, including suicide and suicide attempt.
METHOD: Literature was reviewed to evaluate how well medical episodes associated with these events could be identified in administrative or claims data sets from the USA or Canada.
RESULTS: Six studies were found to include sufficient detail to assess performance characteristics of an algorithm on the basis of International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, E-codes (950-959) for intentional self-injury. Medical records and death registry information were used to validate classification. Sensitivity ranged from 13.8% to 65%, and positive predictive value range from 4.0% to 100%. Study comparisons are difficult to interpret, however, as the studies differed substantially in many important elements, including design, sample, setting, and methods. Although algorithm performance varied widely, two studies located in prepaid medical plans reported that comparisons of database codes to medical charts could achieve good agreement.
CONCLUSIONS: Insufficient data exist to support specific recommendations regarding a preferred algorithm, and caution should be exercised in interpreting clinical and pharmacological epidemiological surveillance and research that rely on these codes as measures of suicide-related outcomes. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
James T Walkup; Lisa Townsend; Stephen Crystal; Mark Olfson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pharmacoepidemiology and drug safety     Volume:  21 Suppl 1     ISSN:  1099-1557     ISO Abbreviation:  Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9208369     Medline TA:  Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  174-82     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Institute for Health, Health Care Policy and Aging Research, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.
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