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A systematic review of sperm donors: demographic characteristics, attitudes, motives and experiences of the process of sperm donation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23146866     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUNDThis systematic review aimed first to integrate the current body of knowledge on the demographic, institutional and psychosocial information on sperm donors, and second to provide insight into the actual experiences of men who donate and the attitudes towards potential donation.METHODSElectronic databases (PUBMED, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Embase and Web of Science) were searched with no date restriction using a specific search strategy followed by a snowball strategy. English language peer-reviewed abstracts and full texts were screened for eligibility and the risk of bias was assessed with 15 criteria. Eligibility, quality assessments and data extraction were performed by two independent researchers, resolving disagreement by discussion.RESULTSThe initial search retrieved 857 studies and after quality assessment, 29 studies were retained for data extraction. Data from nine countries were obtained. The review synthesis revealed differences and similarities between actual and potential sperm donors on demographic characteristics, financial compensation and attitudes towards anonymity, disclosure and providing information to potential offspring. A number of methodological shortcomings have been identified in the studies investigating sperm donors.CONCLUSIONSInstitutional factors (such as recruitment procedures, altruism versus compensation of sperm donors, anonymity versus open-identity donation) and the impact of changing legislation have largely dominated the studies on sperm donation. Furthermore, studies from countries with a bias towards white Western ideology and interpretation were over-represented. This has resulted in a profile of potential and actual sperm donors in terms of demographics, recruitment strategies, motivation for donation and attitudes regarding anonymity, disclosure, recipients and offspring. However, the psychosocial needs and experiences of the donor, and their follow-up and counselling are largely neglected. This review has identified key issues to inform current practice and the development of pathways of care for sperm donors that reflect the multidimensional nature of sperm donation.
U Van den Broeck; M Vandermeeren; D Vanderschueren; P Enzlin; K Demyttenaere; T D'Hooghe
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Human reproduction update     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1460-2369     ISO Abbreviation:  Hum. Reprod. Update     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9507614     Medline TA:  Hum Reprod Update     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Leuven University Fertility Center, University Hospitals Leuven, Gasthuisberg, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium.
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