Document Detail


A systematic review of the relationship between breastfeeding and early childhood caries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11200729     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This systematic review investigated the relationship between early childhood caries (ECC) and breastfeeding. The systematic review methodology used by the Cochrane Collaboration was modified and adopted for this review. 28 of 151 articles (18.5%) were relevant for the study and were rated as strong (0), moderate (3), weak (9) or very weak (16). Validity scores indicated whether a study met the reviewer's criteria for research rigour. The percentage of studies that received a passing score for each criterion examined were: study design (3.6%), confounders (21%), data collection method (54%), definition of ECC (57%), dental health practices (28%) and infant feeding practices (4%). A lack of methodological consistency related to the study of the association of breastfeeding and ECC, and inconsistent definitions of ECC and breastfeeding, make it difficult to draw conclusions. Moderate articles indicate that breastfeeding for over one year and at night beyond eruption of teeth may be associated with ECC. Due to conflicting findings in less rigorous research studies, no definitive time at which an infant should be weaned was determined, and parents should begin an early and consistent mouth care regime.
Authors:
R Valaitis; R Hesch; C Passarelli; D Sheehan; J Sinton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de santé publique     Volume:  91     ISSN:  0008-4263     ISO Abbreviation:  Can J Public Health     Publication Date:    2000 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-01-31     Completed Date:  2001-02-22     Revised Date:  2013-06-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372714     Medline TA:  Can J Public Health     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  411-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Hamilton-Wentworth, Social and Public Health Services Division, McMaster University. valaitis@fhs.csu.mcmaster.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Breast Feeding / adverse effects*,  statistics & numerical data
Child, Preschool
Dental Caries / epidemiology,  etiology*
Humans
Infant
Night Care
Oral Hygiene
Research Design
Risk Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Tooth, Deciduous / pathology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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