Document Detail

A systematic review of readability and comprehension instruments used for print and web-based cancer information.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16699125     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Adequate functional literacy skills positively influence individuals' ability to take control of their health. Print and Web-based cancer information is often written at difficult reading levels. This systematic review evaluates readability instruments (FRE, F-K, Fog, SMOG, Fry) used to assess print and Web-based cancer information and word recognition and comprehension tests (Cloze, REALM, TOFHLA, WRAT) that measure people's health literacy. Articles on readability and comprehension instruments explicitly used for cancer information were assembled by searching MEDLINE and Psyc INFO from 1993 to 2003. In all, 23 studies were included; 16 on readability, 6 on comprehension, and 1 on readability and comprehension. Of the readability investigations, 14 focused on print materials, and 2 assessed Internet information. Comprehension and word recognition measures were not applied to Web-based information. None of the formulas were designed to determine the effects of visuals or design factors that could influence readability and comprehension of cancer education information.
Daniela B Friedman; Laurie Hoffman-Goetz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Health education & behavior : the official publication of the Society for Public Health Education     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1090-1981     ISO Abbreviation:  Health Educ Behav     Publication Date:  2006 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-15     Completed Date:  2006-10-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9704962     Medline TA:  Health Educ Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  352-73     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Health Studies and Gerontology, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Mass Media*
Medical Informatics / standards*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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