Document Detail

A systematic review of interventions to increase awareness, knowledge, and folic acid consumption before and during pregnancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18421888     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review of studies designed to increase awareness of knowledge about, and consumption of folic acid before and during pregnancy.
DATA SOURCES: Studies were identified from Cochrane Library, Medline, and the references of primary studies and reviews.
STUDY INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Studies included randomized controlled trials, quasi-experimental interrupted time series studies, follow-up studies, case-control studies, and before-and-after studies, all of which were conducted between 1992 and 2005 on women ages 15 to 49 years and/or health professionals, evaluating awareness and/or knowledge and/or consumption of folic acid both before and after intervention. Studies were excluded if data were not presented both before and after intervention or were other outcomes than those mentioned here.
DATA EXTRACTION: Data were extracted in relation to characteristics of studies, participants, interventions, and outcomes.
DATA SYNTHESIS: Because of heterogeneity, we performed a narrative synthesis describing the direction and the size of effects.
RESULTS: On average, women's awareness increased from 60% to 72%, knowledge from 21% to 45%, and consumption from 14% to 23%.
CONCLUSIONS: Interventions had a positive effect on folic acid intakes before and during pregnancy, although the average usage reached less than 25%.
Corina Mihaela Chivu; Theodore H Tulchinsky; Karla Soares-Weiser; Rony Braunstein; Mayer Brezis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of health promotion : AJHP     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0890-1171     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Health Promot     Publication Date:    2008 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-21     Completed Date:  2008-05-21     Revised Date:  2012-09-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8701680     Medline TA:  Am J Health Promot     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  237-45     Citation Subset:  T    
Department of Research and Evaluation of Health Care System, National Institute for Research and Development in Health, Bucharest, Romania.
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MeSH Terms
Congenital Abnormalities / prevention & control*
Dietary Supplements*
Folic Acid / therapeutic use*
Health Education
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Mass Media
Middle Aged
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Preventive Medicine
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
59-30-3/Folic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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