Document Detail

A systematic approach to evaluation of pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21808166     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Pericardial disease leading to pericardial effusion (PEF) is a common condition encountered by the clinician in day-to-day practice. If the PEF becomes large enough, it can cause hemodynamic compromise, resulting in a cardiogenic shock state known as cardiac tamponade. There are many clinical and echocardiographic signs that a clinician can use to assess whether a large PEF is hemodynamically significant. However, these signs can be either conflicting or even absent. The purpose of this review is to first, describe the physiology of the pericardium in health and how it changes with disease; second, outline the pathophysiology of pericardial tamponade and discuss how it is responsible for the physical and echocardiographic findings of cardiac tamponade; and third, suggest an approach to applying these findings in a systematic order to ensure a correct diagnosis.
John R Schairer; Santanu Biswas; Steven J Keteyian; Karthikeyan Ananthasubramaniam
Related Documents :
23689576 - Short-term complications of membranous nephropathy.
22951746 - Tissue loss (white syndrome) in the coral montipora capitata is a dynamic disease with ...
23392146 - Inflammatory bowel disease exacerbation associated with epstein-barr virus infection.
22041426 - Hyperimmunoglobulinemia d and periodic fever syndrome.
1740516 - Plasma viscosity in inflammatory bowel disease.
6535266 - Clinical study of indonesian schistosomiasis at lindu lake area, central sulawesi.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cardiology in review     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1538-4683     ISO Abbreviation:  Cardiol Rev     Publication Date:    2011 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-08-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9304686     Medline TA:  Cardiol Rev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  233-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
From the Department of Internal Medicine, Heart and Vascular Institute, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Diagnosis and management of acute type a aortic dissection.
Next Document:  Clinical challenges in accurate assessment of severe aortic stenosis with a special focus on low-gra...