Document Detail


A system for evaluation and exercise-conditioning of paralyzed leg muscles.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6887063     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this project was to develop instrumentation and protocols in which electrical stimulation is used to induce exercise in paralyzed quadriceps muscles strength and endurance evaluation and conditioning. A computer-controlled electrical stimulation system, using surface electrodes, automatically regulates the bouts of leg extension exercise. Load weights attached just above the ankles can be progressively increased over a number of training sessions in such a manner that a measure of the fitness of the legs can be obtained. With three exercise sessions per week for 9 weeks, the strength and endurance of the quadriceps muscles of two paraplegic and four quadriplegic subjects were gradually and safely increased. During exercise at a means load weight of 5.4 kg, means heart rate did not rise above rest, whereas systolic blood pressure increased about 20 mm Hg, and skin temperature above the active muscles increased about 1.75 degrees C. Such exercise conditioning appears to be safe and may provide important health benefits, including improved fitness of the muscles and bones, better circulation in the paralyzed limbs, and enhanced self-image. Conditioned electrically stimulated paralyzed leg muscles may be used for locomotion in conjunction with special vehicles.
Authors:
J A Gruner; R M Glaser; S D Feinberg; S R Collins; N S Nussbaum
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of rehabilitation R&D / Veterans Administration, Department of Medicine and Surgery, Rehabilitation R&D Service     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0742-3241     ISO Abbreviation:  J Rehabil R D     Publication Date:  1983 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-10-28     Completed Date:  1983-10-28     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8307649     Medline TA:  J Rehabil R D     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  21-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Blood Pressure
Electric Stimulation / instrumentation*
Exercise Therapy / instrumentation*
Female
Heart Rate
Humans
Male
Muscle Contraction
Paraplegia / rehabilitation*
Quadriplegia / rehabilitation*
Skin Temperature
Spinal Cord Injuries / rehabilitation
Wheelchairs

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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