Document Detail

The synthetic polyphenol tert-butyl-bisphenol inhibits myoglobin-induced dysfunction in cultured kidney epithelial cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20528578     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract Rhabdomyolysis caused by severe burn releases extracellular myoglobin (Mb) that accumulates in the kidney and urine (maximum [Mb] approximately 50 microM) (termed myoglobinuria). Extracellular Mb can be a pro-oxidant. This study cultured Madin-Darby-canine-kidney-Type-II (MDCK II) cells in the presence of Mb and tested whether supplementation with a synthetic tert-butyl-polyphenol (tert-butyl-bisphenol; t-BP) protects these renal cells from dysfunction. In the absence of t-BP, cells exposed to 0-100 microM Mb for 24 h showed a dose-dependent decrease in ATP and the total thiol (TSH) redox status without loss of viability. Gene expression of superoxide dismutases-1/2, haemoxygenase-1 and tumour necrosis factor increased and receptor-mediated endocytosis of transferrin and monolayer permeability decreased significantly. Supplementation with t-BP before Mb-insult maintained ATP and the TSH redox status, diminished antioxidant/pro-inflammatory gene responses, enhanced monolayer permissiveness and restored transferrin uptake. Overall, bolstering the total antioxidant capacity of the kidney may protect against oxidative stress induced by experimental myoglobinuria.
Anu Shanu; Sarah N Parry; Sarah Wood; Elicia Rodas; Paul K Witting
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Free radical research     Volume:  44     ISSN:  1029-2470     ISO Abbreviation:  Free Radic. Res.     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-06     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9423872     Medline TA:  Free Radic Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  843-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Discipline of Pathology, Redox Biology Group, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, 2006, Australia.
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