Document Detail

The syndrome of Karl Ludwig Kahlbaum.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3760905     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Karl Ludwig Kahlbaum was the first to describe catatonia in 1868. There has been a tendency to consider catatonia as a psychiatric disease despite many case reports demonstrating a wide range of medical and neurological as well as psychiatric causes. We present our accumulated experience of the catatonic syndrome. Most cases (36%) were associated with affective illness but five cases (20%) had a defined organic disorder. A significant minority had no identifiable cause and there was only one case of schizophrenia. The idiopathic and affective groups had a high incidence of recurrent catatonic episodes and many had a family history of a similar problem. The prognosis was excellent, except for the few patients who presented with the acute and rapidly progressive form of the syndrome which led to acute renal failure.
M P Barnes; M Saunders; T J Walls; I Saunders; C A Kirk
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry     Volume:  49     ISSN:  0022-3050     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr.     Publication Date:  1986 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-11-19     Completed Date:  1986-11-19     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985191R     Medline TA:  J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  991-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Catatonia / diagnosis*,  etiology,  genetics
Electroconvulsive Therapy
Middle Aged

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