Document Detail

A survey of sodium hypochlorite use by general dental practitioners and endodontists in Australia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14640153     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Sodium hypochlorite is used commonly as an endodontic irrigant, but there are no published reports that provide details of its use. This survey sought to determine the percentage of Australian dentists who practiced endodontics, whether they used sodium hypochlorite for irrigation, and the manner of dilution, storage and dispensing sodium hypochlorite used by both dentists and endodontists. METHODS: All Australian endodontists and a stratified random sample of 200 general dentists in Australia were surveyed to address the issues identified above. RESULTS: Almost 98 per cent of dentists surveyed performed endodontic treatment. Among endodontists, nearly 94 per cent used sodium hypochlorite for irrigation compared with just under 75 per cent of general dentists. Sodium hypochlorite use by general dentists was more common in Victoria and South Australia than in other States. An infant sanitizer (Milton or Johnson's Antibacterial Solution) was used by just over 92 per cent of general practitioners and by more than 67 per cent of endodontists. All other respondents used domestic bleach. One hundred and sixty four of the respondents (80 per cent of endodontists and over 90 per cent of general dentists) used a 1 per cent w/v solution. Ten practitioners used a 4 per cent w/v solution, five used a 2 per cent w/v solution and four used a 1.5 per cent w/v solution. Eighty per cent of the practitioners who diluted their sodium hypochlorite before use, used demineralized water for this purpose. The remainder used tap water. Only four practitioners stored sodium hypochlorite in a manner which risked light exposure and loss of available chlorine content. CONCLUSIONS: Sodium hypochlorite is commonly used as an endodontic irrigant and Australian dentists generally stored the material correctly.
R M Clarkson; H M Podlich; N W Savage; A J Moule
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Australian dental journal     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0045-0421     ISO Abbreviation:  Aust Dent J     Publication Date:  2003 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-11-26     Completed Date:  2003-12-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370612     Medline TA:  Aust Dent J     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  20-6     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Brisbane Endodontic Research Group, Kingaroy, Queensland.
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MeSH Terms
Dentist's Practice Patterns / statistics & numerical data*
Disinfectants / administration & dosage,  classification,  therapeutic use
Drug Storage
Endodontics / statistics & numerical data*
General Practice, Dental / statistics & numerical data*
Root Canal Irrigants / classification,  therapeutic use*
Sodium Hypochlorite / administration & dosage,  classification,  therapeutic use*
Water / chemistry
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Disinfectants; 0/Root Canal Irrigants; 7681-52-9/Sodium Hypochlorite; 7732-18-5/Water

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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