Document Detail


A survey of pig production systems in the rain forest of the Pacific coast Colombia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15934639     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A questionnaire-based survey was conducted in small-scale pig farms in the rain forest of the Colombian Pacific coast in order to study aspects of reproduction, nutrition and productivity. A total of 124 farmers was interviewed. They owned, on average, 13.6 pigs, including 2.3 sows, mainly of the Zungo breed. Pigs are reared in extensive systems and are allowed to wander freely in search of food. The sows produce, on average, 9.6 piglets/litter but, owing to poor sanitary conditions, 1.5 are born dead and only 6.3 are weaned alive. Two-thirds of the sows have five litters or more and the boars are also kept for a long time. This leads to high consanguinity rates within the herd and low productivity. Diets are based on maize, banana, tubers (taro, cassava) and fruits (peach palm, among others), and are rich in energy but poor in protein and minerals. The lack of protein and mineral sources appears to be the main limiting factor of these extensive production systems. Tree forages could partially solve the problem but are used by only 2% of the farmers. It is concluded that decreasing inbreeding, better piglet management and provision of balanced diets are areas that require immediate improvement.
Authors:
L M Ocampo; P Leterme; A Buldgen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tropical animal health and production     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0049-4747     ISO Abbreviation:  Trop Anim Health Prod     Publication Date:  2005 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-06-06     Completed Date:  2005-07-28     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1277355     Medline TA:  Trop Anim Health Prod     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  315-26     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Gobernacion del Valle, Ministerio de Agricultura, Cali, Colombia.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Husbandry / methods*,  statistics & numerical data*
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Animals
Colombia
Humans
Inbreeding
Questionnaires
Rural Population
Sus scrofa / genetics,  growth & development*
Trees*
Tropical Climate

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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