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A survey of ocular sports trauma and the role of eye protection.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22898257     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: The incidence of sports associated ocular injuries presenting to emergency departments is rising. Despite this, eye protection is not widely used in the general population. This survey was conducted to determine the spectrum of ocular sports injuries that presented to the emergency department of an ophthalmic hospital, which serves a large sector of inner city London. The role of eye protection in preventing ocular sports injuries was also investigated. METHODS: All patients who attended the emergency department with sports associated ocular injuries between May and July 2008 were identified. Medical records of these patients were examined. RESULTS: There were a total of 16999 ophthalmic emergency attendances. 48 (0.28%) patients presented with sports related ocular injuries. The outcomes of the consultations were: 13 (27.1%) patients discharged from the emergency department, 17 (35.4%) had reviews arranged in the emergency department, 18 (37.5%) referred to subspecialties. The mean presenting LogMAR visual acuities of patients that were discharged, reviewed in the emergency department, and referred to subspecialties were 0.01 (±0.33), 0.48 (±0.75), and 0.31 (±0.61) respectively. Visual acuities were better by 0.39 (95% CI 0.01-0.77, p=0.042) in patients who were discharged compared to patients who were reviewed in the emergency department or referred to subspecialties. Evaluation of records revealed that no patients wore eye protection and none were given advice regarding prevention of future injuries. CONCLUSION: Results from this survey show that ocular sports injuries account for a proportion of ophthalmic emergency attendances with a potential impact on service provision. It is essential that ophthalmologists, optometrists and other healthcare professionals are aware of the potential ocular morbidity from sports trauma and the importance of providing advice on the prevention of such injuries.
Authors:
Hon Shing Ong; Allon Barsam; Olivia C Morris; Dilani Siriwardena; Seema Verma
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Contact lens & anterior eye : the journal of the British Contact Lens Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-5411     ISO Abbreviation:  Cont Lens Anterior Eye     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9712714     Medline TA:  Cont Lens Anterior Eye     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 British Contact Lens Association. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Moorfields Eye Hospital, Accident and Emergency Department, London, United Kingdom.
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