Document Detail

A survey of folate knowledge and consumer behaviours in Western Australia prior to the introduction of mandatory food fortification.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20078577     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: Prior to the introduction of mandatory folic acid fortification in September 2009, this study collected baseline data on folate awareness, knowledge of pregnancy-relevant public health messages and consumer behaviours in Western Australia. METHODS: One thousand residents aged 18 years or older participated in a cross sectional telephone survey in September 2006. Respondents were recruited randomly from the electronic residential telephone directory. RESULTS: Most respondents reported knowing little or nothing about folate (86%). Women of childbearing age were more likely than other adults to know the association between folate intake and birth defects (82% v 56%) but 41% did not know that folate should be consumed periconceptionally to reduce the risk of spina bifida. Overall, half the respondents did not take supplements and two-thirds did not know if the food products they ate were fortified with folic acid. Associations were detected between knowledge, consumer behaviours and socio-economic indicators such as age, income, highest level of education, area of residence and parental status. IMPLICATIONS: A mix of public health strategies that includes mandatory fortification and the promotion of supplement use should improve the timely and sufficient intake of folate across all socio-economic strata of the Australian population. Strategies that support the introduction of mandatory fortification, such as awareness and education campaigns should be built on a solid understanding of the drivers and barriers to knowledge acquisition and desired consumer behaviours.
Caron Molster; Amanda Samanek; Carol Bower; Peter O'Leary
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Australian and New Zealand journal of public health     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1753-6405     ISO Abbreviation:  Aust N Z J Public Health     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-01-18     Completed Date:  2010-04-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9611095     Medline TA:  Aust N Z J Public Health     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  577-82     Citation Subset:  IM    
Office of Population Health Genomics, Division of Public Health, Department of Health, Stirling Street, Perth, Western Australia 6849.
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MeSH Terms
Data Collection
Folic Acid* / administration & dosage,  adverse effects
Food, Fortified*
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Mandatory Programs*
Middle Aged
Western Australia
Young Adult
Reg. No./Substance:
59-30-3/Folic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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