Document Detail

The superomedial bare area of the costal scapula surface: a possible cause of snapping scapula syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22875051     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: Scapulothoracic bursitis is a painful condition of the scapulothoracic articulation, which may be caused by various pathological anatomical associations. We have arthroscopically observed a constant bare area of bone on the costal scapula surface in patients with scapulothoracic bursitis, contradictory to traditional anatomical reports of scapular muscle relations. We undertook a cadaveric study to further define this anatomical feature. METHODS: Twelve cadaveric shoulders were dissected. The costal surface of the scapula was systematically examined for the presence of a superomedial bare area in each shoulder by three independent clinicians, with dimensions measured using digital calipers. RESULTS: In all shoulders, there was a clearly defined bare area of bone on the superomedial aspect of the costal surface of the scapula between the serratus anterior insertion and subscapularis origin. The bare area was typically crescenteric in shape, with variable length (mean 22.3 ± 6.0 mm) and width (10.8 ± 2.8 mm). The bare area length (p = 0.043) and width (p = 0.033) were significantly greater in female shoulders compared to male shoulders. CONCLUSIONS: We have established the presence of the superomedial bare area of the costal scapula surface. With an absence of overlying subscapularis muscle, this bare area carries the potential for scapulothoracic impingement, and should be considered as a possible aetiological factor in all patients presenting with scapulothoracic bursitis.
Matthew J Boyle; Peter Misur; Seung-Min Youn; Craig M Ball
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Surgical and radiologic anatomy : SRA     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1279-8517     ISO Abbreviation:  Surg Radiol Anat     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8608029     Medline TA:  Surg Radiol Anat     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Auckland City Hospital, Private Bag 92024, Auckland Mail Centre, Auckland, 1142, New Zealand,
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