Document Detail

The superolateral thigh flap: cadaver and computed tomographic angiography studies with a clinical series.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23357992     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: There are few references to the reconstructive possibilities of the ascending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery other than the tensor fasciae latae muscle flap and the so-called muscle pedicle bone grafting technique.
METHODS: An anatomical study was performed to evaluate the ascending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery and its contribution, through direct branches, to the iliac crest and skin.
RESULTS: In nine of 20 dissections, a small branch of the ascending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery was found to reach the iliac crest in the space defined by the rectus femoris, gluteal muscles, and tensor fasciae latae. After emergence of the tensor fasciae latae pedicle, the ascending branch coursed through an anatomical triangular space before entering the trochanteric skin as a direct terminal branch and running for a considerable distance in a posteroinferior direction in the subcutaneous fat. This pretrochanteric triangle was defined by the tensor fasciae latae, the trochanteric insertions of the vastus lateralis and gluteus medius muscles, and the greater trochanter.
CONCLUSIONS: The superolateral skin of the thigh can be transferred based on terminal branches of the ascending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery. Although inconstant, a small branch of the ascending branch reaches the iliac crest and might support vascularized bone transfer, although more studies are needed to define its role in composite tissue transplantation. This ascending branch might be a good alternative in pedicle or microvascular skin/fat transfer, breast reconstruction, tendocutaneous reconstructions, or composite tissue transplantation.
Manuel R Vegas; Carmen Martin-Hervas
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plastic and reconstructive surgery     Volume:  131     ISSN:  1529-4242     ISO Abbreviation:  Plast. Reconstr. Surg.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-29     Completed Date:  2013-04-01     Revised Date:  2014-10-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1306050     Medline TA:  Plast Reconstr Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  310-22     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Angiography / methods
Femoral Artery / anatomy & histology*,  radiography*
Middle Aged
Surgical Flaps / blood supply*
Thigh / surgery*
Tomography, X-Ray Computed*
Young Adult

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