Document Detail


A summary of preoperative and postoperative cardiorespiratory performance in patients undergoing pectus excavatum and carinatum repair.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6481587     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Preoperative and postoperative pulmonary function tests and progressive work exercise performances were compared for fourteen pectus excavatum and five pectus carinatum patients who underwent operative repair. No changes could be documented in the pectus carinatum patients. The excavatum patients demonstrated a small improvement in total lung capacity (P less than .02) and a significant improvement in maximal voluntary ventilation (P less than .001). In addition, the exercise performances were improved for the excavatum patients postoperatively as quantitated both by the total exercise time and the maximal oxygen consumption (P less than .01). In addition, at any given work rate, the excavatum patient demonstrated a lower heart rate and higher minute ventilation after operation. These findings support the hypothesis that both the restricted cardiac stroke volume and the increased work of breathing that have been described in pectus excavatum patients can be ameliorated by operative intervention.
Authors:
J L Cahill; G M Lees; H T Robertson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric surgery     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0022-3468     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr. Surg.     Publication Date:  1984 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-11-05     Completed Date:  1984-11-05     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0052631     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  430-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Child
Exercise Test
Funnel Chest / physiopathology,  surgery*
Humans
Postoperative Period
Preoperative Care
Respiratory Function Tests*
Sternum / abnormalities*,  surgery
Total Lung Capacity
Vital Capacity

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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