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A sulfuric-lactic acid process for efficient purification of fungal chitosan with intact molecular weight.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24211428     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The most recent method of fungal chitosan purification, i.e., two steps of dilute sulfuric acid treatment, pretreatment of cell wall at room temperature for phosphate removal and extraction of chitosan from the phosphate free cell wall at high temperature, significantly reduces the chitosan molecular weight. This study was aimed at improvement of this method. In the pretreatment step, to choose the best conditions, cell wall of Rhizopus oryzae, containing 9% phosphate, 10% glucosamine, and 21% N-acetyl glucosamine, was treated with sulfuric, lactic, acetic, nitric, or hydrochloric acids, at room temperature. Sulfuric acid showed the best performance in phosphate removal (90%) and cell wall recovery (89%). To avoid depolymerisation of chitosan, hot sulfuric acid extraction was replaced with lactic acid treatment at room temperature, and a pure fungal chitosan was obtained (0.12g/g cell wall). Similar pretreatment and extraction processes were conducted on pure shrimp chitosan and resulted in a chitosan recovery of higher than 87% while the reduction of chitosan viscosity was less than 15%. Therefore, the sulfuric-lactic acid method purified the fungal chitosan without significant molecular weight manipulation.
Authors:
Mitra Naghdi; Akram Zamani; Keikhosro Karimi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-11-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of biological macromolecules     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-0003     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Biol. Macromol.     Publication Date:  2013 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-11-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7909578     Medline TA:  Int J Biol Macromol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Affiliation:
Department of Chemical Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111, Iran.
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