Document Detail


A study on the rehabilitation of cognitive function and short-term memory in patients with Alzheimer's disease using transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12735425     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In some previous studies, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) to the back was shown to improve non-verbal short-term and long-term memory as well as verbal fluency in patients in the early stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Moreover, the patients' physical, social and affective functions were also improved. In this study, the effects of TENS applied to the face were studied in patients with mild and severe AD. Fourteen patients with probable AD were used as subjects. To evaluate the effects of treatment, the subjects underwent two kinds of neuropsychological tests as well as a pupillary light reflex test. The pupillary light reflex test was chosen because it has been proven to show poorer results in cases of senile dementia. These three tests were carried out before the treatment, immediately after the treatment and 6 months after the treatment. Improvements were seen in subjects in the TENS groups and the effects of treatment were more significant in mild AD patients than in severe AD patients. However, the improvements were not maintained 6 months after the treatment. The possible mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of TENS in AD patients are discussed in this paper.
Authors:
Yi Guo; Xuemin Shi; Hisashi Uchiyama; Akihiro Hasegawa; Yaeko Nakagawa; Masaharu Tanaka; Ichiro Fukumoto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Frontiers of medical and biological engineering : the international journal of the Japan Society of Medical Electronics and Biological Engineering     Volume:  11     ISSN:  0921-3775     ISO Abbreviation:  Front Med Biol Eng     Publication Date:  2002  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-05-08     Completed Date:  2003-06-06     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9011464     Medline TA:  Front Med Biol Eng     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  237-47     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka, Nagaoka 940-2188, Japan. guoyi@stn.nagaokaut.ac.jp
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acupuncture / methods*
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Alzheimer Disease / complications,  diagnosis,  physiopathology,  rehabilitation*
Cognition*
Cognition Disorders / diagnosis,  etiology,  physiopathology,  rehabilitation
Face / innervation
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Memory
Memory Disorders / diagnosis,  etiology,  physiopathology,  rehabilitation
Memory, Short-Term*
Middle Aged
Neuropsychological Tests
Severity of Illness Index
Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation / methods*
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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