Document Detail

A study of the incidence of neonatal conjunctivitis and of its bacterial causes including Chlamydia trachomatis. Clinical examination, culture and cytology of tear fluid.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6380204     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Out of 300 newborn infants who had conjunctival swabs inoculated for detection of Chlamydia trachomatis and other bacteria, 72% had bacteria isolated 4 to 6 days after birth. Of these, Staph. albus constituted 51% and Staph. aureus 19%. None of the infants were Chlamydia positive. Five out of 112 mothers (4.5%) were Chlamydia positive from the cervix just before delivery. Nineteen of the neonates were treated for conjunctivitis within the first month of life. Chlamydia trachomatis was isolated from 2, and Staph. aureus, alpha-Streptococci, Pneumococci and Haemophilus influenzae from some of the other infants. A likely diagnosis could be made in 46% of these cases, while the remaining cultures showed only apathogenic bacteria or no growth. There was a fairly good accordance with observation of inflammatory cells in the tear fluid and the clinical picture, 17/19 = 90% showing neutrophilia. Despite failing aetiological diagnosis in several cases, the infants responded satisfactorily to local antibiotic treatment. 75% of the parents replied to questionnaires 2 months after birth concerning conjunctivitis within the first month of life. The replies showed that 58 = 25% had had conjunctivitis, of whom 17% had been treated with antibiotics.
I L Mølgaard; P B Nielsen; J Kaern
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta ophthalmologica     Volume:  62     ISSN:  0001-639X     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Ophthalmol (Copenh)     Publication Date:  1984 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-09-14     Completed Date:  1984-09-14     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370347     Medline TA:  Acta Ophthalmol (Copenh)     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  461-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Bacteria / isolation & purification
Bacterial Infections / epidemiology*,  microbiology
Bacteriological Techniques
Chlamydia trachomatis / isolation & purification
Conjunctivitis / epidemiology*,  microbiology,  prevention & control
Conjunctivitis, Inclusion / epidemiology*,  microbiology,  prevention & control
Infant, Newborn
Leukocyte Count
Tears / cytology,  microbiology

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