Document Detail

A study of family head shape: environment alters cranial shape.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16429217     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A change in the type of cranial deformities (plagiocephaly) presenting to certain clinics has occurred. The purpose of this study was to compare infant head shapes against head shapes of their biologic parents to explore the roles of heredity and environment on cranial shape. Standardized family photographs and anthropometric measurements demonstrated that 30% of the infants had cranial widths 2 standard deviations above norm, while 4.6% had widths exceeding 3 standard deviations. Despite a mean age of only 8 months, 11.6% had widths that were already greater than that of 1 parent. These results demonstrate that plagiocephaly has taken on a new configuration, presenting not only with asymmetry, but also with excessive cranial width.
Jeanne K Pomatto; Jennifer Calcaterra; Kevin M Kelly; Stephen P Beals; Kim H Manwaring; Timothy R Littlefield
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical pediatrics     Volume:  45     ISSN:  0009-9228     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Pediatr (Phila)     Publication Date:    2006 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-01-23     Completed Date:  2006-07-07     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372606     Medline TA:  Clin Pediatr (Phila)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  55-63     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Cranial Technologies, Inc., Tempe, Arizona 85284, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Cephalometry / methods*
Child, Preschool
Cranial Sutures / anatomy & histology*
Infant, Newborn
Plagiocephaly, Nonsynostotic / diagnosis*,  epidemiology
Prospective Studies
Sensitivity and Specificity
Sex Factors
Skull / anatomy & histology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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