Document Detail


The study of the effectiveness of chest compressions using the CPR-plus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9627067     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) requires a high level of skill from both healthcare professionals and the lay public. Inadequate chest compressions are a common cause of ineffective CPR. The CPR-plus is a non-invasive, hand-held, simple to use CPR adjunct designed to assist the rescuer to monitor and modify the compression technique during CPR, hopefully resulting in improved rescuer performance and more effective CPR. Forty qualified nurses were evaluated while they performed chest compressions on a training manikin. During simulated two-rescuer CPR (compression/ventilation ratio 5:1) the participants performed 150 compressions at a rate of 80-100 min. Compressions were performed with and without the CPR-plus and the results compared. The use of the CPR-plus was randomised with regard to whether the adjunct or the standard method was used first. The average number of correctly applied compressions was significantly better when the CPR-plus was used: 138.35/150 versus 110.70/150 (p = 0.0001). Improvements in techniques associated with the use of the CPR-plus also included a reduction in excessive application of pressure and incorrect hand position. The device provided reassurance of satisfactory compressions and an indication of impending fatigue in the rescuer.
Authors:
C Elding; P Baskett; A Hughes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Resuscitation     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0300-9572     ISO Abbreviation:  Resuscitation     Publication Date:  1998 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-08-14     Completed Date:  1998-08-14     Revised Date:  2009-08-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0332173     Medline TA:  Resuscitation     Country:  IRELAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  169-73     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Resuscitation Training Unit, Frenchay Hospital, Bristol, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation / methods*
Cross-Over Studies
Heart Massage / instrumentation*,  methods
Humans
Manikins
Nurses

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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