Document Detail

The structure of temperament in preschoolers: a two-stage factor analytic approach.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21859196     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The structure of temperament traits in young children has been the subject of extensive debate, with separate models proposing different trait dimensions. This research has relied almost exclusively on parent-report measures. The present study used an alternative approach, a laboratory observational measure, to explore the structure of temperament in preschoolers. A 2-stage factor analytic approach, exploratory factor analyses (n = 274) followed by confirmatory factor analyses (n = 276), was used. We retrieved an adequately fitting model that consisted of 5 dimensions: Sociability, Positive Affect/Interest, Dysphoria, Fear/Inhibition, and Constraint versus Impulsivity. This solution overlaps with, but is also distinct from, the major models derived from parent-report measures.
Margaret W Dyson; Thomas M Olino; C Emily Durbin; H Hill Goldsmith; Daniel N Klein
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2011-08-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Emotion (Washington, D.C.)     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1931-1516     ISO Abbreviation:  Emotion     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-07     Completed Date:  2012-07-30     Revised Date:  2013-06-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101125678     Medline TA:  Emotion     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  44-57     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved
Department of Psychology, Stony Brook University, StonyBrook, NY 11794-2500, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Emotions / physiology*
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Inhibition (Psychology)*
Models, Psychological
Personality / physiology*
Play and Playthings / psychology
Psychological Tests
Temperament / physiology*
Grant Support
K01 MH092603-02/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; M01-RR10710/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; R01 MH069942/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH069942/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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