Document Detail


The structure of temperament in preschoolers: a two-stage factor analytic approach.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21859196     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The structure of temperament traits in young children has been the subject of extensive debate, with separate models proposing different trait dimensions. This research has relied almost exclusively on parent-report measures. The present study used an alternative approach, a laboratory observational measure, to explore the structure of temperament in preschoolers. A 2-stage factor analytic approach, exploratory factor analyses (n = 274) followed by confirmatory factor analyses (n = 276), was used. We retrieved an adequately fitting model that consisted of 5 dimensions: Sociability, Positive Affect/Interest, Dysphoria, Fear/Inhibition, and Constraint versus Impulsivity. This solution overlaps with, but is also distinct from, the major models derived from parent-report measures.
Authors:
Margaret W Dyson; Thomas M Olino; C Emily Durbin; H Hill Goldsmith; Daniel N Klein
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2011-08-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Emotion (Washington, D.C.)     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1931-1516     ISO Abbreviation:  Emotion     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-07     Completed Date:  2012-07-30     Revised Date:  2013-06-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101125678     Medline TA:  Emotion     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  44-57     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Stony Brook University, StonyBrook, NY 11794-2500, USA. mdyson@notes.cc.sunysb.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Child, Preschool
Emotions / physiology*
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Female
Humans
Inhibition (Psychology)*
Male
Models, Psychological
Observation
Personality / physiology*
Play and Playthings / psychology
Psychological Tests
Temperament / physiology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
K01 MH092603-02/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; M01-RR10710/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; R01 MH069942/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH069942/MH/NIMH NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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