Document Detail

The structure of the alcohol industry as it relates to transportation issues.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3689549     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The alcoholic beverage industry has undergone marked changes in its structure over the past several decades, and these changes have important implications to drinking and driving problems. In Canada and elsewhere, the industry has been generally transformed from a large set of small firms owned by entrepreneurs to a very small set of large international corporations with extensive and complex intercorporate connections. After describing trends in alcohol consumption and patterns of drinking, this paper examines the structure of the beverage alcohol industry in Canada. It is found that the distilling and brewing industries are highly concentrated and oligopolistic, while viticulture is more fragmented and regional in character. With regard to impact on drinking and driving problems, there are both positive and negative effects. On one hand, barriers to entry into the market are high and competition thereby restricted, thus avoiding certain excesses associated with fierce competition. Further, the large distillers and brewers, being able to afford advertising outlays and the temporary unprofitability necessary to introduce new products, have introduced lower alcohol content beverages which may eventually have a positive impact on drinking and driving incidents. On the other hand, there is little doubt that the industry structure greatly facilitates the promotion of alcohol consumption and, by contributing to the increased exposure of drivers to alcohol, thus exacerbates drinking and driving problems.
E W Single
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Accident; analysis and prevention     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0001-4575     ISO Abbreviation:  Accid Anal Prev     Publication Date:  1987 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-02-20     Completed Date:  1988-02-20     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254476     Medline TA:  Accid Anal Prev     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  419-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Addiction Research Foundation, University of Toronto, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking
Alcoholic Beverages*
Automobile Driving*
International Cooperation

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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