Document Detail


A strategy of symptom-limited exercise with regadenoson-as-needed for stress myocardial perfusion imaging: A randomized controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23188626     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory patients with uncertain functional capacity may benefit from combined exercise and vasodilator stress protocols for myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). The safety and MPI image quality with regadenoson administered during symptom-limited exercise have not been prospectively evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 140 patients (mean age 61 years, 48% female) referred for exercise with vasodilator stress MPI were randomized 2:1 to a strategy of exercise with regadenoson-as-necessary (Ex-Reg, n = 96) or dipyridamole with exercise (Dip-Ex, n = 44) after Duke Activity Status Index (DASI) scoring (median score 28 vs 24, P = .09). Ex-Reg subjects commenced treadmill exercise and regadenoson was administered only if the subject was unable to reach standard endpoints. Dip-Ex subjects received dipyridamole prior to symptom-limited exercise. Hemodynamics were recorded throughout. Subjects completed symptom questionnaires and MPI image quality was assessed by blinded read. Ex-Reg subjects were more likely to achieve ≥85% age-predicted maximum heart rate than Dip-Ex subjects (57% vs 32%, P < .01). Only 50% of subjects meeting inclusion criteria and randomized to Ex-Reg required regadenoson and none had symptomatic hemodynamic changes. Severe side effects or adverse events occurred in 16% of Ex-Reg and 24% of Dip-Ex subjects (P = .12). MPI image quality was "good" or "excellent" in 88% of Ex-Reg subjects and 86% of Dip-Ex subjects (P = .33). CONCLUSION: A strategy of exercise with regadenoson-as-needed for MPI offers similar safety and side effect profile with similar image quality compared to dipyridamole with exercise, with reduced pharmaceutical use.
Authors:
Matthew W Parker; Donna Chelle Morales; Hanna B Slim; Alan W Ahlberg; Deborah M Katten; Giselle Cyr; Shishir Mathur; Afrooz Ardestani; Dimitrios Barmpouletos; Geeta Swamy Iyah; Steven M Borer; Gary V Heller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nuclear cardiology : official publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-6551     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nucl Cardiol     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9423534     Medline TA:  J Nucl Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, CT, USA, mwparker@harthosp.org.
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