Document Detail


The strategic use of estradiol to enhance fertility and submission rates of progestin-based estrus synchronization programs in dairy herds.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10764057     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Two experiments were performed to evaluate the efficacy of a progestin-based estrus synchronization program that incorporated the use of estradiol at the initiation of progestin treatment and at 48 h after progestin withdrawal (Exp. 2). In Exp. 1, cyclic, lactating dairy cows (n = 112) were assigned to receive either 1 (1mg) or 2 (2mg) mg of estradiol benzoate via an i.m. injection on d -9 (d 0 = initiation of the breeding season). All cows received an intravaginal progesterone-releasing insert (IPI; CIDR-B) on d -9. On d -2, the IPI was withdrawn and all cows were administered 500 microg of cloprostenol sodium. Beginning on d 0, cows were bred by AI upon detection of estrus. Estrus was observed in similar proportions of cows in each treatment during the first 6 d of AI (90% across treatments), but the interval to estrus was shorter (P < .05) in 1mg (1.26 +/- .18 d) than in 2mg (1.77 +/- .18 d). Conception and pregnancy rates did not vary among treatments; however, cows in estrus on d 0 tended to be less fertile (P = .11) than those in estrus on d 1. In Exp. 2, 408 cyclic cows from three herds were assigned to receive either no synchrony treatment (Control, n = 214) or the treatments described in Exp. 1 (1mg, n = 100; 2mg, n = 94). Anestrous cows from all herds received an IPI from d -9 to -2 (n = 143; Anestrus). All cows in the 1mg, 2mg, and Anestrus groups, with the exception of those detected in estrus between d -1 and 0, also received 1 mg of estradiol benzoate on d 0. Greater than 90% of cows that received an IPI were in estrus between d -1 and 3, and 92.1% of cows in the Control group were in estrus by d 21. Conception rate to first service in 2mg (61.7%) was similar to Control (57.0%), tended to be higher (P = .06) than 1mg (49.0%), and was greater (P < .05) than Anestrus (39.9%). The mean day of conception was earlier (P < .05) in the 2mg (d 13.1 +/- 2.0) than the Control (d 23.2 +/- 1.6) and Anestrus (d 22.4 +/- 1.9) groups. Conception occurred earlier in 1mg (d 17.4 +/- 2.1) than in Control. The proportion of cows that were pregnant at the end of the breeding season tended (P = .09) to be greater in the 2mg and Anestrus groups. This regimen of estrus synchronization improved reproductive competence in cyclic cows and resulted in similar reproductive performance in anestrous cows and untreated cyclic cows inseminated at a spontaneous estrus.
Authors:
M L Day; C R Burke; V K Taufa; A M Day; K L Macmillan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  78     ISSN:  0021-8812     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Anim. Sci.     Publication Date:  2000 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-05-16     Completed Date:  2000-05-16     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  523-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, USA. day.5@osu.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Administration, Intravaginal
Animals
Cattle / physiology*
Dairying / methods*
Drug Synergism
Estradiol / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*
Estrus Synchronization / drug effects*
Female
Fertility / drug effects*
Pregnancy
Progesterone / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
50-28-2/Estradiol; 57-83-0/Progesterone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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