Document Detail

The stinging impact of the imported fire ant.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18596594     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Imported fire ants pose a real and present danger to allergic individuals living in endemic areas. This overview examines the impact of their presence, specifics of their venom and approach to the treatment of the hypersensitive individuals. RECENT FINDINGS: Imported fire ant sting attack rates are high in endemic areas with sensitization occurring early in life among those dwelling in these locations. Once considered an outdoor pest, sting attacks are now known to occur indoors with the very young and the very old being especially susceptible due to the decreased mobility of these age extremes. Immunotherapy with whole body extract appears efficacious with both traditional and rush schedules finding utility among allergists. Both the mobility of the populace and the portability of imported fire ants have broadened the presence of both allergic patients and the ant itself among allergists previously unfamiliar with hypersensitive patients or the imported fire ant. SUMMARY: Recent work has focused on achieving more rapid protection in hypersensitive patients given the high sting attack rates in endemic area with sensitization occurring early in life among those exposed to the imported fire ant.
Michael S Tankersley
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current opinion in allergy and clinical immunology     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1473-6322     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol     Publication Date:  2008 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-07-03     Completed Date:  2009-06-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100936359     Medline TA:  Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  354-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Allergy and Immunology, Wilford Hall Medical Center, Lackland Air Force Base, San Antonio, Texas 78236, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Anaphylaxis / chemically induced*,  epidemiology*,  immunology,  therapy
Ant Venoms / adverse effects*,  chemistry,  immunology
Clinical Protocols
Desensitization, Immunologic / adverse effects,  contraindications,  trends
Endemic Diseases / prevention & control
Insect Bites and Stings
Molecular Mimicry
Patient Education as Topic
United States / epidemiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Ant Venoms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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