Document Detail

A spit tobacco cessation intervention for college athletes: three-month results.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9524436     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Sixteen colleges were matched on the baseline prevalence of spit tobacco (ST) use, and college pairs were randomized, one to the intervention and the other to the control group. Baseball and football athletes at each intervention college received: an oral examination by a dental professional who pointed out ST-related problems in the athlete's mouth and advised him to quit ST use; counseling by a dental hygienist on strategies to cope with cravings and triggers for use; and two follow-up telephone calls. At the three-month follow-up, quit rates were 24% and 16% for the intervention (n = 171) and control (n = 189) groups, respectively (p < 0.05). As the reported amount of ST used weekly increased, the percent of individuals who quit at 3 mos decreased (p < 0.05). Dental professionals appear to be effective in promoting spit tobacco cessation at 3 mos post-intervention in male college athletes, especially among those using lesser amounts of ST.
C M Masouredis; J F Hilton; D Grady; L Gee; M Chesney; L Hengl; V Ernster; M M Walsh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Advances in dental research     Volume:  11     ISSN:  0895-9374     ISO Abbreviation:  Adv. Dent. Res.     Publication Date:  1997 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-04-02     Completed Date:  1998-04-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8802131     Medline TA:  Adv Dent Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  354-9     Citation Subset:  D    
Department of Dental Public Health and Hygiene, University of California, San Francisco 94143-0754, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking
Behavior Therapy*
Chi-Square Distribution
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Plants, Toxic*
Risk Factors
Tobacco Use Disorder / prevention & control*,  psychology
Tobacco, Smokeless*

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