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The spectral changes in EMG during a second bout eccentric contraction could be due to adaptation in muscle fibres themselves: a simulation study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21818623     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The mechanism of marked reduction in damage symptoms after repeated bout of similar eccentric contractions is still unknown. The neuronal adaptation leading to reduction of muscle fibre propagation velocity (MFPV) due to increased activation of slow-twitch motor units (MUs), decrease in activation of fast-twitch MUs, and/or increase in MU synchronization was suggested as a cause for lower EMG frequency characteristics. However, the repeated bout effect could occur also after electrically stimulated exercise. Prolonged elevation of cytoplasmic Ca(2+) due to the increased membrane permeability after eccentric contractions was reported. Elevated Ca(2+) induced peripheral changes that included alteration of intracellular action potential and MFPV reduction. We simulated and compared changes in EMG frequency characteristics related to effects of central nervous system (CNS) or to peripheral changes. The simulations were performed for different electrode arrangements and positions. The results showed that the peripheral effects could be similar or even stronger than the effects related to CNS. We hypothesised that the repeated bout effect was a consequence of the adaptation in muscle fibres necessary for avoiding Ca(2+)-induced protein and lipid degradation due to Ca(2+) overload resulting from the increased membrane permeability after eccentric contraction. The possibilities for noninvasive testing of this hypothesis were discussed.
V G Dimitrov; T I Arabadzhiev; N A Dimitrova; G V Dimitrov
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-8-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1439-6327     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-8-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100954790     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Institute of Biophysics and Biomedical Engineering, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G.Bonchev Str., Bl. 21, 1113, Sofia, Bulgaria,
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