Document Detail


The soyabean isoflavone genistein modulates endothelial cell behaviour.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20187999     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of the present study was to investigate the direct action of the phyto-oestrogen genistein (Gen) on vascular endothelial behaviour, either in the presence or absence of proinflammatory agents. In rat aortic endothelial cell (EC) cultures, 24 h of treatment with Gen significantly increased cell proliferation in a wide range of concentration (0.001-10 nm). This mitogenic action was prevented by the oestrogen receptor (ER) antagonist ICI 182780 or by the presence of the specific NO synthase inhibitor l-nitro-arginine methyl ester. When monocytes adhesion to EC was measured, Gen partially attenuated leucocyte adhesion not only under basal conditions, but also in the presence of bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS). The effect of the phyto-oestrogen on the expression of EC adhesion molecules was evaluated. Gen down-regulated the enhancement in mRNA levels of E-selectin, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 and P-selectin elicited by the proinflammatory agent bacterial LPS. The regulation of EC programmed death induced by the isoflavone was also demonstrated. Incubation with 10 nm Gen prevented DNA fragmentation induced by the apoptosis inductor H2O2. The results presented suggest that Gen would exert a protective effect on vascular endothelium, due to its regulatory action on endothelial proliferation, apoptosis and leucocyte adhesion, events that play a critical role in vascular diseases. The molecular mechanism displayed by the phyto-oestrogen involved the participation of the ER and the activation of the NO pathway.
Authors:
Marisa J Sandoval; Pablo H Cutini; María Belén Rauschemberger; Virginia L Massheimer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-03-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of nutrition     Volume:  104     ISSN:  1475-2662     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2010 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-14     Completed Date:  2010-08-09     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372547     Medline TA:  Br J Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  171-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Departamento de Biología, Bioquímica y Farmacia, Cátedra de Bioquímica Clínica II, Universidad Nacional del Sur, San Juan 670, B8000ICN Bahía Blanca, Argentina.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Aorta, Thoracic
Apoptosis / drug effects
Cell Adhesion / drug effects
Cell Movement / drug effects
Cell Proliferation / drug effects
Cells, Cultured
Endothelial Cells / cytology,  drug effects*
Female
Genistein / chemistry,  pharmacology*
Rats
Rats, Wistar
Soybeans / chemistry*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
446-72-0/Genistein

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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