Document Detail


The soluble transferrin receptor (TfR)-F-Index is not applicable as a test for iron status in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19743956     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) is established as a test for iron deficiency (ID). In chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), sTfR is not reliable for screening for ID as the latter is strongly dependent on tumor burden. METHODS: We investigated whether the influence of the tumor load can be excluded or minimized using the sTfR/log ferritin ratio (TfR-F-Index) and the C-reactive protein (CRP)-adjusted TfR-F-Index in 87 patients with CLL. sTfR was measured nephelometrically (normal: 0.81-1.75 mg/L). A cut-off value of 1.5 for the TfR-F-Index and 0.8 for the CRP-adjusted TfR-F-Index, in patients with a CRP >5 mg/L, was used. RESULTS: All Binet A patients had normal sTfR values (1.34+/-0.2 mg/L), TfR-F-Index (0.67+/-0.2) and a CRP-adjusted TfR-F-Index. In Binet B and C, sTfR and the TfR-F-Index were significantly increased compared to Binet A patients (p<0.0001). The differences between Binet B and C were not significant. sTfR was increased in 85%, TfR-F-Index in 46% and the CRP-adjusted TfR-F-Index in 54% of the Binet B patients, in Binet C patients, 80%, 50% and 60% showed increases, respectively. sTfR and the TfR-F-Index decreased or even normalized following successful treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Similar to sTfR, the TfR-F-Index is strongly associated with tumor burden in patients with CLL. Thus, these parameters do not allow for a reliable diagnosis of ID in this patient group.
Authors:
Georgia Metzgeroth; Melanie Kripp; Nadine Müller; Beate Schultheis; Karin Bonatz; Christoph Walz; Alexandra Dorn-Beineke; Jan Hastka
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine : CCLM / FESCC     Volume:  47     ISSN:  1434-6621     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Chem. Lab. Med.     Publication Date:  2009  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-10-06     Completed Date:  2009-12-08     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9806306     Medline TA:  Clin Chem Lab Med     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1291-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
III. Medizinische Klinik, Universitätsmedizin Mannheim, Universität Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
C-Reactive Protein / metabolism
Female
Ferritins / metabolism*
Humans
Iron / metabolism*
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell / metabolism*,  pathology
Male
Middle Aged
Receptors, Transferrin / chemistry*,  metabolism*
Solubility
Tumor Burden
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Receptors, Transferrin; 7439-89-6/Iron; 9007-41-4/C-Reactive Protein; 9007-73-2/Ferritins

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