Document Detail


A socio-psychological investigation into limitations and incentives concerning reporting a clinically suspect situation aimed at improving early detection of classical swine fever outbreaks.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19854004     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of this study was to identify limitations and incentives in reporting clinically suspect situations, possibly caused by classical swine fever (CSF), to veterinary authorities with the ultimate aim to facilitate early detection of CSF outbreaks. Focus group sessions were held with policy makers from the veterinary authorities, and representatives of veterinary practitioners and pig farmer unions. Personal interviews with a small group of pig farmers and practitioners were held to check limitations raised and solutions proposed during the focus group sessions. An electronic questionnaire was mailed to pig farmers and practitioners to investigate perceptions and attitudes with respect to clinically suspect situations possibly caused by CSF. After triangulating the responses of veterinary authorities, veterinary practitioners and farmers, six themes emerged across all groups: (1) lack of knowledge on the early signs of CSF; (2) guilt, shame and prejudice; (3) negative opinion on control measures; (4) dissatisfaction with post-reporting procedures; (5) lack of trust in government bodies; (6) uncertainty and lack of transparency of reporting procedures. The following solutions to facilitate early detection of CSF were put forward: (a) development of a clinical decision-support system for vets and farmers, in order to get faster diagnosis and detection of CSF; (b) possibility to submit blood samples directly to the reference laboratory to exclude CSF in a clinical situation with non-specific clinical signs, without isolation of the farm and free of charge for the individual farmer; (c) decrease social and economic consequences of reporting CSF, for example by improving the public opinion on first reports; (d) better schooling of veterinary officers to deal with emotions and insecurity of farmers in the process after reporting; (e) better communication of rules and regulations, where to report, what will happen next; (f) up-to-date website with information and visual material of the clinical signs of CSF.
Authors:
A R W Elbers; M J Gorgievski-Duijvesteijn; P G van der Velden; W L A Loeffen; K Zarafshani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-09-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary microbiology     Volume:  142     ISSN:  1873-2542     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-23     Completed Date:  2010-07-08     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7705469     Medline TA:  Vet Microbiol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  108-18     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Virology, Central Veterinary Institute of Wageningen UR, P.O. Box 65, 8200 AB Lelystad, The Netherlands. armin.elbers@wur.nl
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Husbandry / methods,  standards*
Animals
Classical Swine Fever / prevention & control*
Classical swine fever virus / physiology*
Disease Notification*
Disease Outbreaks / veterinary*
Focus Groups
Knowledge
Motivation*
Prejudice
Questionnaires
Shame
Swine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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