Document Detail

The smallest vertebrate, teleost fish, can utilize synthetic dipeptide-based diets.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14652376     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In vitro studies of brush-border intestinal transport of dipeptides and cytoplasmic hydrolysis in fish suggest that these processes could be key mechanisms in the absorption and utilization of nutrients for growth. However, in vivo experimentation to study the nutritional importance of these processes was needed. We compared three dietary formulations based on free, peptide and protein sources of amino acids. Our results were the first to show that a synthetic dipeptide (PP)-based diet could support growth in the early stages of ontogenesis of a teleost fish, rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), whereas a free amino acid (FAA)-based diet failed. We found that fish fed an FAA-based diet had an increased rate of ammonia excretion [1.78 +/- 0.19 mmol NH(3)-N/(kg body wt.h)], compared with fish fed a PP-based diet [1.25 +/- 0.07 mmol NH(3)-N/(kg body wt.h)], suggesting that deamination is involved in the metabolism of dietary FAA. Teleost fish are known to obtain a high proportion of total energy from protein, compared with higher vertebrates. However, we found that feeding trout alevins a PP-based diet increased postprandial oxygen consumption for 2 to 24 h, whereas other treatments decreased 24-h postprandial metabolism. This may indicate that peptide metabolism is less efficient than protein metabolism. Juvenile rainbow trout differed from alevins in their response to FAA- and PP-based diets. These observations strongly suggest that intestinal dietary peptide transport and hydrolysis could support protein synthesis and growth in vertebrates that respond poorly to FAA-based diets. We conclude that nutrient administration may be improved by manipulating dietary peptide composition and peptide/protein ratios, leading to better utilization of synthetic peptides, with nutritional and therapeutic implications for all vertebrates.
Konrad Dabrowski; Kyeong-Jun Lee; Jacques Rinchard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nutrition     Volume:  133     ISSN:  0022-3166     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2003 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-12-03     Completed Date:  2004-01-16     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404243     Medline TA:  J Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4225-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Natural Resources, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Amino Acids / administration & dosage
Ammonia / urine
Animals, Newborn / growth & development*,  metabolism
Dipeptides / administration & dosage*,  chemical synthesis*
Oncorhynchus mykiss / growth & development*,  metabolism
Oxygen Consumption / drug effects
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Amino Acids; 0/Dipeptides; 7664-41-7/Ammonia

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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