Document Detail


The sink-specific plastidic phosphate transporter PHT4;2 influences starch accumulation and leaf size in Arabidopsis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21960139     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Nonphotosynthetic plastids are important sites for the biosynthesis of starch, fatty acids and amino acids. The uptake and subsequent use of cytosolic ATP to fuel these and other anabolic processes would lead to accumulation of inorganic phosphate (Pi) if not balanced by a Pi export activity. However, the identity of the transporter(s) responsible for Pi export is unclear. The plastid-localized Pi transporter PHT4;2 of Arabidopsis thaliana is expressed in multiple sink organs but is nearly restricted to roots during vegetative growth. We identified and used pht4;2 null mutants to confirm that PHT4;2 contributes to Pi transport in isolated root plastids. Starch accumulation was limited in pht4;2 roots, which is consistent with inhibition of starch synthesis by excess Pi as a result of a defect in Pi export. Reduced starch accumulation in leaves and altered expression patterns for starch synthesis genes and other plastid transporter genes suggest metabolic adaptation to the defect in roots. Moreover, pht4;2 rosettes, but not roots, were significantly larger than those of wild type with 40% greater leaf area and twice the biomass when plants were grown with a short (8 hr) photoperiod. Increased cell proliferation accounted for the larger leaf size and biomass as no changes were detected in mature cell size, specific leaf area or relative photosynthetic electron transport activity. These data suggest novel signaling between roots and leaves that contributes to the regulation of leaf size.
Authors:
Sonia Irigoyen; Patrik M Karlsson; Jacob Kuruvilla; Cornelia Spetea; Wayne K Versaw
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plant physiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2548     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401224     Medline TA:  Plant Physiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1 Texas A&M University;
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