Document Detail

A simulation framework for estimating wall stress distribution of abdominal aortic aneurysm.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22254456     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) rupture is believed to occur when the mechanical stress acting on the wall exceeds the strength of the wall tissue. In endovascular aneurysm repair, a stent-graft in a catheter is released at the aneurysm site to form a new blood vessel and protect the weakened AAA wall from the pulsatile pressure and, hence, possible rupture. In this paper, we propose a framework to estimate the wall stress distribution of non-stented/stented AAA based on fluid-structure interaction, which is utilized in a surgical simulation system (IRAS). The 3D geometric model of AAA is reconstructed from computed tomography angiographic (CTA) images. Based on our experiments, a combined logarithm and polynomial strain energy equation is applied to model the elastic properties of arterial wall. The blood flow is modeled as laminar, incompressible, and non-Newtonian flow by applying Navier-Stokes equation. The obtained pressure of blood flow is applied as load on the AAA meshes with and without stent-graft and the wall stress distribution is calculated by fluid-structure interaction (FSI) solver equipped in ANSYS. Experiments demonstrate that our analytical results are consistent with clinical observations.
Jing Qin; Jing Zhang; Chee-Kong Chui; Wei-Min Huang; Tao Yang; Wai-Man Pang; Venkatesh Sudhakar; Stephen Chang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference     Volume:  2011     ISSN:  1557-170X     ISO Abbreviation:  Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-18     Completed Date:  2012-06-07     Revised Date:  2014-08-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101243413     Medline TA:  Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  900-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal / physiopathology*,  surgery*
Blood Flow Velocity
Blood Pressure
Blood Vessel Prosthesis*
Computer Simulation
Elastic Modulus
Models, Cardiovascular*
Shear Strength
Stress, Mechanical
Tomography, X-Ray Computed

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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