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A simplified rehabilitation program for patients undergoing elective colonic surgery-randomized controlled clinical trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21069355     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: We have proposed a simplified perioperative rehabilitation program for elective colonic surgery that is focused on early oral nutrition and that could reduce hospital stay and postoperative ileus time without raising complications and readmission rates.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-four patients admitted for elective colonic surgery were prospectively randomized into two groups: (1) an early feeding group (EFG)-on the first postoperative day, patients initially received a oral liquid diet and were advanced to a regular diet within the next 24 h as tolerated and at their discretion; (2) a traditional care group-patients were managed by nothing per orus until the elimination of the first flatus and then submitted to an oral liquid diet, followed by a regular diet within the next 24 h as described for the EFG. All patients followed a well-defined, simplified rehabilitation program.
RESULTS: Patients' baseline characteristics were similar in the two groups. Hospital stay was significantly lower in the EFG (4.0 [±3.7] versus 7.6 [±8.1] days; p = 0.000). Diet tolerance and progression were similar between groups. Time to first flatus after surgery was significantly lower in the EFG (1.5 [±0.5] versus 2.0 [±0.7] days; p = 0.019). Complication and readmission rates were similar in both groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Early oral nutrition associated with a simplified perioperative rehabilitation program reduces postoperative length of hospital stay and ileus time after elective colonic resection without increasing rates of complications or readmissions.
Leonardo Maciel da Fonseca; Magda Maria Profeta da Luz; Antônio Lacerda-Filho; Maria Isabel Toulson Davisson Correia; Rodrigo Gomes da Silva
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-11-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of colorectal disease     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1432-1262     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Colorectal Dis     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8607899     Medline TA:  Int J Colorectal Dis     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  609-16     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Colorectal Surgery, Instituto Alfa de Gastroenterologia/Hospital das Clínicas, School of Medicine, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Av. Alfredo Balena, 110 - 2º andar, CEP 30130-100, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil,
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