Document Detail

A simplified in vivo approach for evaluating the bioabsorbable behavior of candidate stent materials.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21905215     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Metal stents are commonly used to revascularize occluded arteries. A bioabsorbable metal stent that harmlessly erodes away over time may minimize the normal chronic risks associated with permanent implants. However, there is no simple, low-cost method of introducing candidate materials into the arterial environment. Here, we developed a novel experimental model where a biomaterial wire is implanted into a rat artery lumen (simulating bioabsorbable stent blood contact) or artery wall (simulating bioabsorbable stent matrix contact). We use this model to clarify the corrosion mechanism of iron (≥99.5 wt %), which is a candidate bioabsorbable stent material due to its biocompatibility and mechanical strength. We found that iron wire encapsulation within the arterial wall extracellular matrix resulted in substantial biocorrosion by 22 days, with a voluminous corrosion product retained within the vessel wall at 9 months. In contrast, the blood-contacting luminal implant experienced minimal biocorrosion at 9 months. The importance of arterial blood versus arterial wall contact for regulating biocorrosion was confirmed with magnesium wires. We found that magnesium was highly corroded when placed in the arterial wall but was not corroded when exposed to blood in the arterial lumen for 3 weeks. The results demonstrate the capability of the vascular implantation model to conduct rapid in vivo assessments of vascular biomaterial corrosion behavior and to predict long-term biocorrosion behavior from material analyses. The results also highlight the critical role of the arterial environment (blood vs. matrix contact) in directing the corrosion behavior of biodegradable metals. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2011.
Daniel Pierson; Jacob Edick; Aaron Tauscher; Ellen Pokorney; Patrick Bowen; Jesse Gelbaugh; Jon Stinson; Heather Getty; Chee Huei Lee; Jaroslaw Drelich; Jeremy Goldman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biomedical materials research. Part B, Applied biomaterials     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1552-4981     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101234238     Medline TA:  J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, Michigan 49931-1295.
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