Document Detail

A simple method for the differential characterization of alveoli and alveolar ducts in injured lungs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15736049     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
RATIONALE AND HYPOTHESIS: Previous studies evaluating the histoarchitecture of distal airspaces have been shown to be limited by the difficulty in adequately differentiating alveoli and alveolar ducts. This limitation has been specially noticed in studies addressing lung recruitment and in situations of diffuse alveolar damage (DAD), where generic nominations for distal airspaces had to be created, such as "peripheral airspaces" (PAS) and "large-volume gas-exchanging airspaces" (LVGEA). Elastic stains have been largely used to describe normal lung structures. Weigert's resorcin-fuchsin staining (WRF) demarcates the thickened free portions of the ductal septum facilitating its recognition. We hypothesized that this staining could help in differentiating alveoli from alveolar ducts in distorted lung parenchyma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Samples of control lungs and of DAD lungs induced by mechanical ventilation (VILI) were stained with hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and with WRF. Using morphometry we assessed the volume proportion of alveoli, alveolar ducts and LVGEA in control and VILI lungs. RESULTS: WRF stained VILI lungs showed a significant decrease in the volume proportion of LVGEA and alveoli and a significant increase in the volume proportion of alveolar ducts when compared to HE stained samples. CONCLUSION: We conclude that WRF staining is useful to distinguish alveolar ducts from alveoli in a DAD model, and suggest that it should be routinely used when morphometric studies of lung parenchyma are performed.
E M Negri; E D Omar; S S Mori; N R D Rodrigues; C S V Barbas; P H N Saldiva; M Dolhnikoff
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Histology and histopathology     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0213-3911     ISO Abbreviation:  Histol. Histopathol.     Publication Date:  2005 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-02-28     Completed Date:  2005-07-28     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8609357     Medline TA:  Histol Histopathol     Country:  Spain    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  449-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pathology, Clinical Hospital, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Blood-Air Barrier / pathology*
Lung / pathology*
Lung Injury*
Pulmonary Alveoli / pathology*
Rosaniline Dyes
Staining and Labeling / methods
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Resorcinols; 0/Rosaniline Dyes; 108-46-3/resorcinol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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