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A significant imbalance in mitosis versus apoptosis accelerates the growth rate of sessile serrated adenoma/polyps.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23292000     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Sessile serrated adenoma/polyps (SSA/Ps) of the colon are thought to be precursors of sporadic carcinomas. Although it is suggested that SSA/P may grow rapidly from the early stage, its cell kinetics remains obscure. To solve this problem, we analyzed the mitotic and apoptotic activity of normal crypts, microvesicular hyperplastic polyps (MVHPs), and tubular adenomas (TAs), using phospho-histone H3 and cleaved caspase 3 immunohistochemistry. The mitotic index for SSA/Ps (mean, 5.63) and TAs (6.98) was significantly higher than those for normal crypts (2.72) and MVHPs (2.86). Of all tested lesions, the apoptotic index was lowest for SSA/Ps (0.96; normal, 2.71; MVHPs, 2.62; TAs, 6.01) with statistically significant differences. The net growth ratio was close to 1.0 in normal crypts (1.07) while remaining low in MVHPs (1.06) and TAs (1.38), but was markedly elevated in SSA/Ps (7.32, P < 0.01) due to the large imbalance between mitosis and apoptosis. As to apoptosis regulatory proteins, expression of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 was significantly reduced or undetectable in MVHPs and SSA/Ps, while TAs showed stronger staining than normal crypts. Expression of pro-apoptotic Bax and its activators, Bim and Bad, was significantly reduced in MVHPs and SSA/Ps. We suggest that other complex mechanisms may act synergistically with Bax, Bim, or Bad deficiency to regulate apoptosis suppression in SSA/Ps.
Authors:
Akira Endo; Hirotaka Koizumi; Makiko Takahashi; Tomohiro Tamura; Shinobu Tatsunami; Yoshiyuki Watanabe; Masayuki Takagi
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-2307     ISO Abbreviation:  Virchows Arch.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9423843     Medline TA:  Virchows Arch     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Pathology, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, Kawasaki, Japan.
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