Document Detail


The short-term effects of a hostility-reduction intervention on male coronary heart disease patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10431944     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This preliminary study examined the effects of a hostility-reduction intervention on patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). Twenty-two high-hostile CHD men were matched on age and hostility and then randomly assigned to a hostility intervention (N = 10) or an information-control group (N = 12). Patients were reassessed immediately and 2 months posttreatment on hostility (with self-report and structured interview) and resting blood pressure. The intervention's overall effect size was moderately strong (d' = .62). Intervention patients reported at both reassessments and were observed at follow-up to be less hostile than controls. At follow-up, intervention patients had significantly lower diastolic blood pressure (DBP) than controls. Finally, reductions in hostility were significantly and positively correlated with reductions in DBP. Replication with a larger sample and CHD outcomes is recommended.
Authors:
Y Gidron; K Davidson; I Bata
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0278-6133     ISO Abbreviation:  Health Psychol     Publication Date:  1999 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-09-09     Completed Date:  1999-09-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211523     Medline TA:  Health Psychol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  416-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Sociology of Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University, Be'er Sheeba, Israel. yorig@bgumail.bgu.ac.il
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Behavior Therapy / methods*
Blood Pressure*
Coronary Disease / physiopathology,  psychology*,  rehabilitation*
Hostility*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Personality Inventory

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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