Document Detail

A short history of beverages and how our body treats them.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18257753     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Numerous studies have demonstrated that beverages containing sugar, high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) or alcohol are handled differently by the body than when sugar or HFCS are incorporated in solid foods and as a result the overall caloric intake from solid food does not adjust to account for the calories in these beverages. A consideration of our evolutionary history may help to explain our poor compensatory response to calories from fluids. This paper reviews the history of eight important beverages: milk, beer, wine, tea, coffee, distilled alcoholic beverages, juice and soft drinks. We arrive at two hypotheses. First, humans may lack a physiological basis for processing carbohydrate or alcoholic calories in beverage because only breast milk and water were available for the vast majority of our evolutionary history. Alternatives to those two beverages appeared in the human diet no more than 11,000 years ago, but Homo sapiens evolved between 100,000 and 200,000 years ago. Second, carbohydrate and alcohol-containing beverages may produce an incomplete satiation sequence which prevents us from becoming satiated on these beverages.
A Wolf; G A Bray; B M Popkin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Historical Article; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1467-789X     ISO Abbreviation:  Obes Rev     Publication Date:  2008 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-02-08     Completed Date:  2008-04-21     Revised Date:  2010-06-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100897395     Medline TA:  Obes Rev     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  151-64     Citation Subset:  IM    
Schools of Medicine and Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Beverages / history*,  statistics & numerical data
Digestion / physiology*
Drinking / physiology*
History, Ancient
Grant Support
Comment In:
J Natl Cancer Inst. 2010 Jun 2;102(11):749-51   [PMID:  20453202 ]

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