Document Detail


A short Chemical Sensitivity Scale for assessment of airway sensory hyperreactivity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15024570     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: A short version of the 21-item Chemical Sensitivity Scale (CSS), called the Chemical Sensitivity Scale for Sensory Hyperreactivity (CSS-SHR), was developed and evaluated for the quantifying of self-reported affective reactions to and behavioral disruptions in daily activities by odorous/pungent substances among patients with sensory hyperreactivity (SHR) for clinical and epidemiological studies. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with clinically diagnosed SHR and 124 control participants responded to the CSS and to additional questions about chemical sensitivity for the evaluation of the CSS-SHR. RESULTS: Eleven of the 21 items of the CSS were selected, on statistical grounds, to constitute the CSS-SHR, which was found to generate approximately normal distributions, have good test-retest reliability (r(xy)=0.87), satisfying internal consistency (r(alpha)=0.76-0.84) and predictive and concurrent validity, and to be uni-dimensional. The metric properties of the CSS-SHR were, despite its few items, comparable with those of the CSS. A proposed diagnostic cut-off score for SHR demonstrated a high correct classification rate (92%) for the CSS-SHR. CONCLUSIONS: The favorable metric properties of the CSS-SHR and its sensitivity/specificity suggests that it is useful for clinical diagnosis and epidemiological study of sensory hyperreactivity in combination with other diagnostic tools.
Authors:
Steven Nordin; Eva Millqvist; Olle Löwhagen; Mats Bende
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2004-03-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  International archives of occupational and environmental health     Volume:  77     ISSN:  0340-0131     ISO Abbreviation:  Int Arch Occup Environ Health     Publication Date:  2004 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-04-14     Completed Date:  2004-08-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7512134     Medline TA:  Int Arch Occup Environ Health     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  249-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Umeå University, 901 87, Umeå, Sweden. steven.nordin@psy.umu.se
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Bronchial Hyperreactivity / diagnosis*
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Multiple Chemical Sensitivity / diagnosis*
Psychometrics
Reproducibility of Results

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