Document Detail

The shared signal hypothesis and neural responses to expressions and gaze in infants and adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19858107     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Event-related potentials were recorded from adults and 4-month-old infants while they watched pictures of faces that varied in emotional expression (happy and fearful) and in gaze direction (direct or averted). Results indicate that emotional expression is temporally independent of gaze direction processing at early stages of processing, and only become integrated at later latencies. Facial expressions affected the face-sensitive ERP components in both adults (N170) and infants (N290 and P400), while gaze direction and the interaction between facial expression and gaze affected the posterior channels in adults and the frontocentral channels in infants. Specifically, in adults, this interaction reflected a greater responsiveness to fearful expressions with averted gaze (avoidance-oriented emotion), and to happy faces with direct gaze (approach-oriented emotions). In infants, a larger activation to a happy expression at the frontocentral negative component (Nc) was found, and planned comparisons showed that it was due to the direct gaze condition. Taken together, these results support the shared signal hypothesis in adults, but only to a lesser extent in infants, suggesting that experience could play an important role.
Silvia Rigato; Teresa Farroni; Mark H Johnson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-10-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social cognitive and affective neuroscience     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1749-5024     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci     Publication Date:  2010 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-18     Completed Date:  2010-06-28     Revised Date:  2013-05-31    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101288795     Medline TA:  Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  88-97     Citation Subset:  IM    
Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, School of Psychology, Birkbeck College, University of London, London, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Brain Mapping
Cerebral Cortex / physiology*
Emotions / physiology*
Evoked Potentials / physiology*
Facial Expression
Nerve Net / physiology*
Reaction Time / physiology
Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
Visual Perception / physiology
Grant Support
073985/Z/03/Z//Wellcome Trust; G0701484//Medical Research Council

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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